Management has asked you to investigate the cost allocation problem. You find that manufacturing overhead is currently assigned to products based on the direct labor costs in the products. Last yearâ€™s manufacturing overhead was $880,000, based on production of 320,000 standard CDs and 120,000 high-grade CDs. Selling prices last year averaged $3.60 per standard disc and $5.80 per high-grade disc. Direct labor and direct materials costs for last year were as follows:
Standard High-Grade Total
Direct Labor $160,000 $ 80,000 $240,000
Direct Materials 125,000 114,000 239,000
Management believes three activities cause overhead costs. The cost drivers and related costs are as follows:
Costs Assigned Standard High-Grade Total
Number of Production Runs $300,000 20 10 30
Quality Tests Performed 360,000 12 18 30
Shipping Orders Processed 220,000 100 50 150
Total Overhead $880,000
a) How much of the overhead will be assigned to each product if the three cost drivers are used to allocate overhead? What would be the cost per unit produced for each product?
($15,000 + $30,000 + $2,200) = $33,700 overhead assigned to Standard = ($33,700/320,000 units) = $0.11 per unit
($30,000 + $20,000 + $4,400) = $54,400 overhead assigned to High-Grade = ($54,400/120,000 units) =$0.45 per unit
b) How much of the overhead would have been assigned to each product if direct labor cost had been used to allocate overhead? What would have been the total cost per unit produced for each product?
c) How might the results explain why profits did not increase as much as management expected?