Given that its food packaging customers have been inquiring about its ability to supply complementary products, Apex is considering coffee packaging as an additional diversification to its product line. You are able to catch James in Lukeâ€™s office and stop in to ask for their reaction to the query.
â€œHi,â€ you say. â€œIâ€™ve got a quick question for you both. May I interrupt for just a minute?â€
â€œSure,â€ says Luke. â€œWhatâ€™s up?â€
â€œI need to calculate the net present value (NPV) for the coffee packaging projectâ€”the coffee packaging production equipment and a lamination machine that will bond plastic substrates for airtight quality. Does the coffee packaging line make sense for us?â€
â€œThe process will be challenging, initially,â€ says Luke. â€œBut once our employees acclimate, I anticipate a very efficient process. Iâ€™m certain we will be competitive in this industry.â€
â€œI can definitely leverage the customers within the channels of distribution that we intend to reach with our food packaging line,â€ says James. â€œMany of them distribute coffee products. I also see an opportunity for snack-food packaging, which requires metalized lamination. This packaging can also be applied to health products such as antibacterial cloths. The possibilities are endless! Letâ€™s try to make this work.â€
â€œThank you, both,â€ you say. â€œWould you get me the same type of information you gave me for the expansion project so that I can compute the cash flows?â€
James laughs and says, â€œWe anticipated this question!â€ Luke and I were just putting our information in an e-mail to you. You should have it by the time you get back to your office.â€
â€œThanks so much!â€ you say. â€œI knew I could count on you.â€
Back in your office, the promised e-mail is in your Inbox. Now you can compute the cash flows given the following information:
â€¢ Initial investment outlay of $20 million for equipment only
Â â€¢ Project and equipment life: 5 years
Â â€¢ Sales projected to be $12 million per year for 5 years.
â€¢ Assume gross margin of 50% (exclusive of depreciation)
â€¢ Depreciation: Straight-line for tax purposes
Â â€¢ Selling, general, and administrative expenses: 10% of sales
â€¢ Tax rate: 35%
Â As I started wondering if this coffee packaging project will maximize the firmâ€™s value I said to myself, Iâ€™ll compute the NPV and see what it looks like and I will use a weighted average cost of capital (WACC) of 5% as reflected in the Phase 5 Worksheet.
This project should be calculated on its own merits; that is, separately from the food packaging product. Iâ€™ll include a recommendation on that point, and a couple of others in my executive summary.
You reach for your keyboard to make the following notes about the questions you want to address:
â€¢ Does the coffee packaging project maximize the firmâ€™s value?
â€¢ Should the company undertake this project, the prior project, or both?
Â â€¢ What advice should I give to John Matthews and the board?
Â â€¢ How can I describe my assessment?
â€¢ Should the second project be accepted?