Ashford ACC206 all assignments +final paper



ACC 206 Week 1 Assignment: Chapter One

Please complete the following 5 exercises
below in either Excel or a word document (but must be single document). You
must show your work where appropriate (leaving the calculations within Excel
cells is acceptable). Save the document, and submit it in the appropriate week
using the Assignment Submission button.

Ch 1 Critical Thinking Question 5:
Answer the following questions:
Why are noncash transactions, such as the exchange
of common stock for a building for example, included on a statement of cash
flows? How are these noncash transactions disclosed?

Chapter 1 Exercise 1:
1. Classification of activities
Classify each of the following transactions as
arising from an operating (O), investing (I), financing (F), or noncash
investing/financing (N) activity.
a. ________ Received $80,000 from the sale of
b. ________ Received $3,200 from cash sales.
c. ________ Paid a $5,000 dividend.
d. ________ Purchased $8,800 of merchandise for
e. ________ Received $100,000 from the issuance of
common stock.
f. ________ Paid $1,200 of interest on a note
g. ________ Acquired a new laser printer by paying
h. ________ Acquired a $400,000 building by
signing a $400,000 mortgage note.

Chapter 1 Exercise 4:
4. Overview of direct and indirect methods
Evaluate the comments that follow as being True or
False. If the comment is false, briefly explain why.
a. Both the direct and indirect methods will
produce the same cash flow from operating activities.
b. Depreciation expense is added back to net
income when the indirect method is used.
c. One of the advantages of using the direct
method rather than the indirect method is that larger cash flows from financing
activities will be reported.
d. The cash paid to suppliers is normally
disclosed on the statement of cash flows when the indirect method of statement
preparation is employed.
e. The dollar change in the Merchandise Inventory
account appears on the statement of cash flows only when the direct method of
statement preparation is used.

Chapter 1 Exercise 6:
6. Equipment transaction and cash flow reporting
Dec. 31, 20X4 Dec. 31, 20X3
Property, Plant & Equipment:
Equipment 652,000 527,000
Less: Accumulated depreciation -316,000 -341,000

New equipment purchased during 20×4 totaled
$280,000. The 20×4 income statement disclosed equipment depreciation expense of
$41,000 and a $9,000 loss on the sale of equipment.
a. Determine the cost and accumulated depreciation
of the equipment sold during 20X4.
b. Determine the selling price of the equipment
c. Show how the sale of equipment would appear on
a statement of cash flows prepared by using the indirect method.

Chapter 1 Problem 3:
3. Cash flow information: Direct and indirect
The comparative year-end balance sheets of Sign
Graphics, Inc., revealed the following activity in the company’s current
20X5 20X4 Increase / Decrease)
Current assets
Cash $55,400 $35,200 $20,200
Accounts receivable (net) 83,800 88,000 -4,200
Inventory 243,400 233,800 9,600
Prepaid expenses 25,400 24,200 1,200

Current liabilities
Accounts payable $123,600 $140,600 ($17,000)
Taxes payable 43,600 49,200 -5,600
Interest payable 9,000 6,400 2,600
Accrued liabilities 38,800 60,400 -21,600
Note payable 44,000 — 44,000

The accounts payable were for the purchase of
merchandise. Prepaid expenses and accrued liabilities relate to the firm’s
selling and administrative expenses. The company’s condensed income statement

Income Statement
for the Year Ended December 31, 20×5

Sales $713,800
Less: Cost of goods sold 323,000
Gross profit $390,800

Less: Selling & administrative expenses
Depreciation expense 17,000
Interest expense 27,000 230,000

Add: gain on sale of land $160,800
Income before taxes $182,600
Income taxes 36,800
Net income $145,800

Other data:
1. Long-term investments were purchased for cash
at a cost of $74,600.
2. Cash proceeds from the sale of land totaled
3. Store equipment of $44,000 was purchased by
signing a short-term note payable. Also, a $150,000 telecommunications system
was acquired by issuing 3,000 shares of preferred stock.
4. A long-term note of $49,400 was repaid.
5. Twenty thousand shares of common stock were
issued at $5.19 per share.
6. The company paid cash dividends amounting to

a. Prepare the operating activities section of the
company’s statement of cash flows, assuming use of:
1. The direct method.
2. The indirect method.

b. Prepare the investing and financing activities
sections of the statement of cash flows.

ACC 206 Week 2 Assignment

206 Week 2 Assignment: Chapter Two and Three Problems

complete the following exercises below in either Excel or a word document (but
must be single document). You must show your work where appropriate (leaving
the calculations within Excel cells is acceptable). Save the document, and
submit it in the appropriate week using the Assignment Submission button.

2 Exercise 3
Analysis of stockholders’ equity
Corporation issued both common and preferred stock during 20X6. The
stockholders’ equity sections of the company’s balance sheets at the end of
20X6 and 20X5 follow:

stock, $100 par value, 10% $580,000 $500,000
stock, $10 par value 2,350,000 1,750,000

capital in excess of par value
24,000 —
4,620,000 3,600,000
earnings 8,470,000 6,920,000
stockholders’ equity $16,044,000 $12,770,000

Compute the number of preferred shares that were issued during 20X6.
Calculate the average issue price of the common stock sold in 20X6.
c. By
what amount did the company’s paid-in capital increase during 20X6?
d. Did
Star’s total legal capital increase or decrease during 20X6? By what amount?

2 Problem 1
Bond computations: Straight-line amortization
Corporation issued $900,000 of 8% bonds on March 1, 20X1. The bonds pay
interest on March 1 and September 1 and mature in 10 years. Assume the
independent cases that follow.
• Case
A—The bonds are issued at 100.
• Case
B—The bonds are issued at 96.
• Case
C—The bonds are issued at 105.

uses the straight-line method of amortization.

the following table:
Case A
Case B Case C
Cash inflow on the issuance date _______ _______ _______
Total cash outflow through maturity _______ _______ _______
Total borrowing cost over the life of the bond issue _______ _______ _______
Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______
Amortization for the year ended December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______
Unamortized premium as of December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______
Unamortized discount as of December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______
Bond carrying value as of December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______

3 Exercise 2
Definitions of manufacturing concepts
Manufacturing produces brass fasteners and incurred the following costs for the
year just ended:
and supplies used
parts 16,000
lubricants 9,000
and salaries Machine operators 128,000
supervisors 64,000
personnel 41,000
factory overhead Variable 35,000
commissions 20,000

Total direct materials consumed
Total direct labor
Total prime cost
Total conversion cost

3 Exercise 5
Schedule of cost of goods manufactured, income statement
following information was taken from the ledger of Jefferson Industries, Inc.:
labor $85,000 Administrative expenses $59,000
expenses 34,000 Work in. process:
300,000 Jan. 1 29,000
goods Dec. 31 21,000
Jan. 1
115,000 Direct material purchases 88,000
31 131,000 Depreciation: factory 18,000
(direct) materials on hand Indirect materials used 10,000
Jan. 1
31,000 Indirect labor 24,000
31 40,000 Factory taxes 8,000
utilities 11,000
the following:
a. A
schedule of cost of goods manufactured for the year ended December 31.
b. An
income statement for the year ended December 31.

3 Problem 3
Manufacturing statements and cost behavior
Foundry began operations during the current year, manufacturing various
products for industrial use. One such product is light-gauge aluminum, which
the company sells for $36 per roll. Cost information for the year just ended
Unit Variable Cost Fixed Cost
materials $4.50 $ —
labor 6.5 —
overhead 9 50,000
— 70,000
— 135,000

and sales totaled 20,000 rolls and 17,000 rolls, respectively There is no work
in process. Tampa carries its finished goods inventory at the average unit cost
of production.
Determine the cost of the finished goods inventory of light-gauge aluminum.
Prepare an income statement for the current year ended December 31
c. On
the basis of the information presented:
Does it appear that the company pays commissions to its sales staff? Explain.
What is the likely effect on the $4.50 unit cost of direct materials if next
year’s production increases? Why?

206 Week Three Assignment

Please complete the following five
exercises below in either Excel or a word document (but must be single
document). You must show your work where appropriate (leaving the calculations
within Excel cells is acceptable). Save the document, and submit it in the
appropriate week using the Assignment Submission button.

1. Overhead application: Working backward
The Towson Manufacturing Corporation applies overhead on the basis of machine
hours. The following divisional information is presented for your review:
Division A Division B
Actual machine hours 22,500 ?
Estimated machine hours 20,000 ?
Overhead application rate $4.50 $5.00
Actual overhead $110,000 ?
Estimated overhead ? $90,000
Applied overhead ? $86,000
Over- (under-) applied overhead ? $6,500

2. Computations using a job order system
General Corporation employs a job order cost system. On May 1 the following
balances were extracted from the general ledger;

Work in process $ 35,200
Finished goods 86,900
Cost of goods sold 128,700

Work in Process consisted of two jobs, no. 101 ($20,400) and no. 103 ($14,800).
During May, direct materials requisitioned from the storeroom amounted to
$96,500, and direct labor incurred totaled $114,500. These figures are subdivided
as follows:

Direct Materials Direct Labor
Job No. Amount Job No. Amount
101 $5,000 101 $7,800
115 19,500 103 20,800
116 36,200 115 42,000
Other 35,800 116 18,000
$96,500 Other 25,900

Job no. 115 was the only job in process at the end of the month. Job no. 101
and three “other” jobs were sold during May at a profit of 20% of
cost. The “other” jobs contained material and labor charges of
$21,000 and $17,400, respectively.

General applies overhead daily at the rate of 150% of direct labor cost as
labor summaries are posted to job orders. The firm’s fiscal year ends on May

a. Compute the total overhead applied to production during May.
b. Compute the cost of the ending work in process inventory.
c. Compute the cost of jobs completed during May.
d. Compute the cost of goods sold for the year ended May 31.

3. High-low method
The following cost data pertain to 20X6 operations of Heritage Products:
Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4
Shipping costs $58,200 $58,620 $60,125 $59,400
Orders shipped 120 140 175 150

The company uses the high-low method to analyze costs.
a. Determine the variable cost per order shipped.
b. Determine the fixed shipping costs per quarter.
c. If present cost behavior patterns continue, determine total shipping costs
for 20X7 if activity amounts to 570 orders.

4. Break-even and other CVP relationships
Cedars Hospital has average revenue of $180 per patient day. Variable costs are
$45 per patient day; fixed costs total $4,320,000 per year.
a. How many patient days does the hospital need to break even?
b. What level of revenue is needed to earn a target income of $540,000?
c. If variable costs drop to $36 per patient day, what increase in fixed costs
can be tolerated without changing the break-even point as determined in part

5. Direct and absorption costing
The information that follows pertains to Consumer Products for the year ended
December 31, 20X6.
Inventory, 1/1/X6 24,000 units
Units manufactured 80,000
Units sold 82,000
Inventory, 12/31/X6 ? units
Manufacturing costs:
Direct materials $3 per unit
Direct labor $5 per unit
Variable factory overhead $9 per unit
Fixed factory overhead $280,000
Selling & administrative expenses:
Variable $2 per unit
Fixed $136,000

The unit selling price is $26. Assume that costs have been stable in recent

a. Compute the number of units in the ending inventory.
b. Calculate the cost of a unit assuming use of:
1. Direct costing.
2. Absorption costing.
c. Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 20X6, by using
direct costing.
d. Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 20X6, by using
absorption costing.

ACC 206 Week 4 Assignment: Chapter 6 and 7

complete the following exercises below in either Excel or a word document (but
must be single document). You must show your work where appropriate (leaving
the calculations within Excel cells is acceptable). Save the document, and
submit it in the appropriate week using the Assignment Submission button.

6 Problem 3
Comprehensive budgeting
balance sheet of Watson Company as of December 31, 20X1, follows.
31, 12X1
receivable 10,000
goods (575 units x $7.00) 4,025
materials (2,760 units x $0.50) 1,380
& equipment $50,000
Accumulated depreciation 10,000 40,000
assets $60,000
& Stockholders’ Equity
payable to suppliers $14,000
stock $25,000
earnings 21,000 46,000
liabilities &. stockholders’ equity $60,000

following information has been extracted from the firm’s accounting records:
1. All
sales are made on account at $20 per unit. Sixty percent of the sales are
collected in the month of sale; the remaining 40% are collected in the
following month. Forecasted sales for the first five months of 20X2 are:
January, 1,500 units,- February, 1,600 units; March, 1,800 units; April, 2,000
units; May, 2,100 units.
Management wants to maintain the finished goods inventory at 30% of the
following month’s sales.
Watson uses four units of direct material in each finished unit. The direct
material price has been stable and is expected to remain so over the next six
months. Management wants to maintain the ending direct materials inventory at
60% of the following month’s production needs.
Seventy percent of all purchases are paid in the month of purchase; the
remaining 30% are paid in the subsequent month.
5. Watson’s
product requires 30 minutes of direct labor time. Each hour of direct labor
costs $7.
Rounding computations to the nearest dollar, prepare the following for January
through March:
Sales budget
Schedule of cash collections
3) Production
Direct material purchases budget
Schedule of cash disbursements for material purchases
Direct labor budget
Determine the balances in the following accounts as of March 31:
Accounts Receivable
Direct Materials
Accounts Payable

7 Problem 1
Basic flexible budgeting
Inc., has the following budgeted production costs:
materials $0.40 per unit
labor 1.80 per unit
factory overhead 2.20 per unit
factory overhead

company normally manufactures between 20,000 and 25,000 units each quarter.
Should output exceed 25,000 units, maintenance and other fixed costs are
expected to increase by $6,000 and $4,500, respectively.
the recent quarter ended March 31, Centron produced 25,500 units and incurred
the following costs:

Materials $10,710
Labor 47,175
factory overhead 51,940
factory overhead
production costs $174,825

Prepare a flexible budget for 20,000, 22,500, and 25,000 units of activity.
b. Was
Centron’s experience in the quarter cited better or worse than anticipated?
Prepare an appropriate performance report and explain your answer.
Explain the benefit of using flexible budgets (as opposed to static budgets) in
the measurement of performance.

7 Problem 5
Straightforward variance analysis
Enterprises uses a standard costing system. The standard cost sheet for product
no. 549 follows.
materials: 4 units @ $6.50 $26.00
labor: 8 hours @ $8.50 68
factory overhead: 8 hours @ $7.00 56
factory overhead: 8 hours @ 2.5 20
standard cost per unit $170.00

following information pertains to activity for December:
Direct materials acquired during the month amounted to 26,350 units at $6.40
per unit. All materials were consumed in operations.
Arrow incurred an average wage rate of $8.75 for 51,400 hours of activity.
Total overhead incurred amounted to $508,400. Budgeted fixed overhead totals
$1.8 million and is spread evenly throughout the year.
Actual production amounted to 6,500 completed units.

Compute Arrow’s direct material variances.
b. Compute
Arrow’s direct labor variances.
Compute Arrow’s variances for factory overhead.

Week 5 assignment

Please complete the following 5 exercises below in either
Excel or a word document (but must be single document). You must show your work
where appropriate (leaving the calculations within Excel cells is acceptable).
Save the document, and submit it in the appropriate week using the Assignment
Submission button.

Chapter 8 Exercise 1:
1. Basic present value calculations
Calculate the present value of the following cash flows, rounding to the
nearest dollar:
a. A single cash inflow of $12,000 in five years, discounted at a 12% rate of
b. An annual receipt of $16,000 over the next 12 years, discounted at a 14%
rate of return.
c. A single receipt of $15,000 at the end of Year 1 followed by a single
receipt of $10,000 at the end of Year 3. The company has a 10% rate of return.
d. An annual receipt of $8,000 for three years followed by a single receipt of
$10,000 at the end of Year 4. The company has a 16% rate of return.

Chapter 8 Exercise 4:
4. Cash flow calculations and net present value
On January 2, 20X1, Bruce Greene invested $10,000 in the stock market and
purchased 500 shares of Heartland Development, Inc. Heartland paid cash
dividends of $2.60 per share in 20X1 and 20X2; the dividend was raised to $3.10
per share in 20X3. On December 31, 20X3, Greene sold his holdings and generated
proceeds of $13,000. Greene uses the net-present- value method and desires a
16% return on investments.
a. Prepare a chronological list of the investment’s cash flows. Note: Greene is
entitled to the 20X3 dividend.
b. Compute the investment’s net present value, rounding calculations to the
nearest dollar.
c. Given the results of part (b), should Greene have acquired the Heartland
stock? Briefly explain.

Chapter 8 exercise 5:
5. Straightforward net present value and internal rate of return
The City of Bedford is studying a 600-acre site on Route 356 for a new
landfill. The startup cost has been calculated as follows:
Purchase cost: $450 per acre
Site preparation: $175,000

The site can be used for 20 years before it reaches capacity. Bedford, which
shares a facility in Bath Township with other municipalities, estimates that
the new location will save $40,000 in annual operating costs.
a. Should the landfill be acquired if Bedford desires an 8% return on its
investment? Use the net-present-value method to determine your answer.

Chapter 8 Problem 1:
1. Straightforward net-present-value and payback computations
STL Entertainment is considering the acquisition of a sight-seeing boat for
summer tours along the Mississippi River. The following information is

Cost of boat $500,000
Service life 10 summer seasons
Disposal value at the end of 10 seasons $100,000
Capacity per trip 300 passengers
Fixed operating costs per season (including straight-line depreciation)
Variable operating costs per trip $1,000
Ticket price $5 per passenger

All operating costs, except depreciation, require cash outlays. On the basis of
similar operations in other parts of the country, management anticipates that
each trip will be sold out and that 120,000 passengers will be carried each
season. Ignore income taxes.

By using the net-present-value method, determine whether STL Entertainment
should acquire the boat. Assume a 14% desired return on all investments- round
calculations to the nearest dollar.

Chapter 8 Problem 4:
4. Equipment replacement decision
Columbia Enterprises is studying the replacement of some equipment that
originally cost $74,000. The equipment is expected to provide six more years of
service if $8,700 of major repairs are performed in two years. Annual cash
operating costs total $27,200. Columbia can sell the equipment now for $36,000;
the estimated residual value in six years is $5,000.
New equipment is available that will reduce annual cash operating costs to
$21,000. The equipment costs $103,000, has a service life of six years, and has
an estimated residual value of $13,000. Company sales will total $430,000 per
year with either the existing or the new equipment. Columbia has a minimum
desired return of 12% and depreciates all equipment by the straight-line

a. By using the net-present-value method, determine whether Columbia should
keep its present equipment or acquire the new equipment. Round all calculations
to the nearest dollar, and ignore income taxes.
b. Columbia’s management feels that the time value of money should be
considered in all long-term decisions. Briefly discuss the rationale that
underlies management’s belief.

ACC206 final paper

Focus of the Final Paper

You’ve just been hired onto ABC Company as the corporate controller. ABC
Company is a manufacturing firm that specializes in making cedar roofing and
siding shingles. The company currently has annual sales of around $1.2 million,
a 25% increase from the previous year. The company has an aggressive growth
target of reaching $3 million annual sales within the next 3 years. The CEO has
been trying to find additional products that can leverage the current ABC
employee skillset as well as the manufacturing facilities.

As the controller of ABC Company, the CEO has come to you with a new
opportunity that he’s been working on. The CEO would like to use the some of
the shingle scrap materials to build cedar dollhouses. While this new product
line would add additional raw materials and be more time-intensive to
manufacture than the cedar shingles, this new product line will be able to
leverage ABC’s existing manufacturing facilities as well as the current staff.
Although this product line will require added expenses, it will provide
additional revenue and gross profit to help reach the growth targets. The CEO
is relying on you to help decide how this project can be afforded Provide
details about the estimated product costs, what is needed to break even on the
project, and what level of return this product is expected to provide.

In order to help out the CEO, you need to prepare a six- to eight-page
report that will contain the following information (including exhibits, but
excluding your references and title page). Refer to the accompanying Excel
spreadsheet (available through your online course) for some specific cost and
profit information to complete the calculations.”>Final
Paper Spreadsheet

I. An overall risk profile of the company based on current economic and
industry issues that it may be facing.

II. Current company cash flow

a. You need to complete a cash flow statement for the company using the
direct method.

b. Once you’ve completed the cash flow statement, answer the following

i. What does this statement of cash flow tell you about the sources and uses
of the company funds?

ii. Is there anything ABC Company can do to improve the cash flow?

iii. Can this project be financed with current cash flow from the company?
Why or why not?

iv. If the company needs additional financing beyond what ABC Company can
provide internally (either now or sometime throughout the life of the project),
how would you suggest the company obtain the additional financing, equity or
corporate debt, and why?

III. Product cost: ABC Company believes that it has an additional 5,000
machine hours available in the current facility before it would need to expand.
ABC Company uses machine hours to allocate the fixed factory overhead, and
units sold to allocate the fixed sales expenses. Bases on current research, ABC
Company expects that it will take twice as long to produce the expansion
product as it currently takes to produce its existing product.

a. What is the product cost for the expansion product under absorption and
variable costing?

b. By adding this new expansion product, it helps to absorb the fixed
factory and sales expenses. How much cheaper does this expansion make the
existing product?

c. Assuming ABC Company wants a 40% gross margin for the new product, what
selling price should it set for the expansion product?

d. Assuming the same sales mix of these two products, what are the
contribution margins and break-even points by product?

IV. Potential investments to accelerate profit: ABC company has the option
to purchase additional equipment that will cost about $42,000, and this new
equipment will produce the following savings in factory overhead costs over the
next five years:

Year 1, $15,000

Year 2, $13,000

Year 3, $10,000

Year 4, $10,000

Year 5, $6,000

ABC Company uses the net-present-value method to analyze investments and
desires a minimum rate of return of 12% on the equipment.

a. What is the net present value of the proposed investment (ignore income
taxes and depreciation)?

b. Assuming a 5-year straight-line depreciation, how will this impact the
factory’s fixed costs for each of the 5 years (and the implied product costs)?
What about cash flow?

c. Considering the cash flow impact of the equipment as well as the
time-value of money, would you recommend that ABC Company purchases the
equipment? Why or why not?

V. Conclusion:

a. What are the major risk factors that you see in this project?

b. As the controller and a management accountant, what is your
responsibility to this project?

c. What do you recommend the CEO do?

Writing the Final Paper

1. Must be six to eight double-spaced pages in length, and formatted
according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

2. Must include a title page with the following:

a. Title of paper

b. Student’s name

c. Course name and number

d. Instructor’s name

e. Date submitted

3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis

4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.

5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.

6. Must document at least three, but no more than five sources in APA style,
as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

7. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style
as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the”>Grading
Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.


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