in 1981, under the laws of the State of Illinois, with an authorized capitalization of 10,000 shares
of no-par common stock with a stated value of $30 per share. The common stock is sold over the
the counter in the local area. You have been hired as of Thursday, December 25, 2014, to replace the
controller, who has resigned. As controller, you are responsible for the corporation’s accounting
recrods, preparation of the financial statements, safeguarding the corporate assets, and providing
management with financial information to set prices and to monitor and control operations.
Rockford Corporation closes its books annually on December 31 but prepares financial statements
quarterly. Adjusting entries are posted to the general ledger only at year-end; at the end of the
first, second, and third quarter the adjustments are entered only on a work sheet, not in the general
ledger. Therefore, the adjusting entries to be recorded on December 31 are annual adjustments that
you must journalize and the post to the general ledger accounts before preparing the financial
Rockford Corporation maintains a perpetual inventory system and takes a physical count each year
to adjust the inventory carrying amount. Purchases are recorded at the gross amount (discounts
taken are recognized at the date of payment) of the supplier’s invoice, and the terms vary with
each supplier. Sales on account are subject to terms of 2/10, n/30. Discounts are taken and granted
only when the terms are met. The cost of all inventory sold in December was 80% of the sales price.
The corporation uses the following journals and ledgers:
1. A sales journal (S) – to record sales of merchandise on account.
2. A purchase journal (P)- to record purchases of merchandise on account.
3. A cash receipts journal (CR) – to record all cash receipts.
4. A cash disbursements journal (CD) – to record all cash payments.
5. A general journal (J) – to record all transacitons that cannot be recorded in the other journals.
1. A general ledger
2. An accounts receivable subsidiary ledger.
3. An accounts payable subsidiary ledger.
In recording sales transactions, each sale should be posted on the day of the sale directly to the
customer’s account in the subsidiary ledger, using the invoice number as the posting reference
number in the subsidiary account. Also, cash receipts from customers should be posted to the
subsidiary ledger on the day they are received. The purchase order number should be used as
the posting reference number in the subsidiary ledger for purchases on account from suppliers.
Purchases from suppliers and payments to them should be posted daily. All other individual posting
may be made weekly or at the month-end. Account numbers should be used as posting reference
numbers in the journals. Officers and office personnel are salaried employees and are paid monthly
on the last day of each month. The delivery truck drivers and warehouse employees are hourly wage
employees and are paid biweekly. Each biweekly pay period ends Friday. On the following Monday
you assistants provide you with a payroll summary from which you prepare general journal entries
to record the biweekly payroll and the employer’s taxes on the payroll. The biweekly employees’
paychecks are distributed on the following day (Tuesday).
The January 1, 2014, balances appear in the general ledger accounts as well as the Noverber 30, 2014,
balances, for those accounts whose balances have changed. All transacitons affecting the non-
current accounts from January 1, 2014, through Noverber 30, 2014, with explanations, appear in
these accounts to facilitate the preparation of the statement of cash flows.
Subsidiary ledger account balances as of Noverber 30, 2014, are as follows:
Accounts Receivable Acct No Amount
Boecker Builders 117 62,920
The Potts Company 122 50,300
Swanson Brothers Contruction 133 24,050
A & B Hardware 143 –
Trudy’s Plumbing 155 15,100
Coconino Contractors Inc 160 27,800
Rankin Plumbing Corp 166 74,350
Beverly’s Building Products 175 14,000
Bilder Construction Co 180 45,200
Iwanaga Plumbing and Heating 190 3,700
Accounts Payable Acct No Amount
Phoenix Plastics 14 17,450
Business Basics Inc 16 –
Edward’s Plumbing Suppliers 18 20,050
DeKalb Transport 20 –
Oxenford Copperworks 35 26,400
Smith Pipe Co 39 38,100
Ron & Rod’s Plumbing Products 44 14,850
Khatan Steel Corp 57 10,000
The transactions through December 23 have already been recorded by the former controller. You
are to begin your work by entering the transaction of December 25 for the payment of cash to
S M T W T F S
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31
1 Received a check in the amount of $23,569 from Swanson Brothers Contruction in full
payment of invoice No. 1120 dated Novermber 26 in the amount of $24,050.
1 Sold sewer and drainage pipe to Beverly’s Building Products on account, invoice No. 1201
2 Purchased copper tubing and fittings from Edward’s Plumbing Supplies Inc. on account,
purchase order No. 315 for $24,320, terms n/60.
2 Issued check No. 1580 for $26,400 to Oxenford Copperworks in settlement of the
balance owned on purchase order No. 280.
3 A court notice indicates that Iwanaga Plumbing and Heating is bankrupt and payment
of its account improbable; the president orders the account to be written off as a
bad debt (invoice No. 780).
3 Sold bathroom fixtures to Bilder Construction Co on account, invoice No. 1202 for
4 Received a check in the amount of $49,294 from the Potts Co in full payment of invoice
No. 1128 dated November 27 for $50,300.
4 Sold plumbing supplies and plastic pipe to Coconino Contractors Inc. on account, invoice
No. 1203 for $10,300.
4 Issued check No. 1581 for $810 to Standard Oil Co, in payment of gas, oil, and truck repair
from Tierney’s Standard Service.
5 Issued check No. 1582 for $9,900 to Khatan Steel Corp. in full settlement of purchase order
No. 312 for $10,000.
5 Issued check No. 1583 for $10,486 to Phoenix Plastics in full payment of Phoenix’s invoice
dated November 28 in the amount of $10,700, for purchase order No. 313, terms 2/10, n/30.
5 Received a check in the amount of $72,863 from Rankin Plumbing Corp. in full payment
of invoice No. 1129 dated November 28 for $74,350.
8 Sold cast pipe to Trudy’s Plumbing on account, invoice No. 1204 for $29,300.
8 Received a check in the amount of $27,800 from Coconion Contractors, Inc. in full payment
of invoice No. 1091 dated October 20.
8 Purchased bathroom fixtures from Phoenix Plastics, on account, purchcase order No. 316
for $52,700 terms 1/10, n/30.
8 Received a check in the amount of $29,000 from Boecker Builders in partial payment of
balance outstanding covering invoice Nos. 1050 and 1071.
9 The payroll summary for the biweekly pay period ended Friday, December 5 contained the
Delivery and warehouse wages 4,860
FICA taxes withheld 350
Federal income taxes withheld 900
State income taxes withheld 190
Net pay 3,420
Employer’s payroll taxes:
FICA tax 350
Federal unemployment tax –
State unemployment tax –
Issued check No. 1584 for the amount of the net pay and deposited it in the payroll bank
account. Individual payroll checks were then preppared for distributions to the biweekly
emplyees on Tuesday, December 9, 2014.
9 Issued check No. 1585 for $600 to Scooter Gordon for lettering and sign painting on some
9 Issued check No. 1586 for $6,750 to Phoenix Plastics, in payment of Phoenix’s invoice dated
November 12 in the amount of $6,750, our purchase order No. 299.
10 Issued check No. 1587 for $37,719 to Smith Pipe Co in full payment of their invoice dated
November 28, terms 1/15, n/30, our purchase order No. 314.
10 Received a check in the amount of $15,100 from Trudy’s Plumbing in full settlement of
invoice No. 1106 dated November 7.
10 Sold pipe, fixtures, and accessories to Trudy’s Plumbing on account, invoice No. 1205 for
11 Sold pumbing supplies and copper tubing to The Potts Company on account, invoice No.
1206 for $31,450.
11 Received a check in the amount of $33,920 from Boecker Builders in full payment of invoice
11 Cash sales to date totaled $12,292.
12 Received a check in the amount of $28,714 from Trudy’s Plumbing in payment of inoivce
12 Sold plumbing fixtures and supplies to Boecker Builders, on account, invoice No. 1207
15 The Potts Co returned defective copper tubing that is purchased on December 11. A credit
memo in the amount of $4,680 is issued relative to invoice No. 1206. The copper tubing
had a cost of $3,550.
15 The defective copper tubing is returned to Edward’s Plumbing supplies, Inc. along with
a debit memo in the amount of $3,550 in reduction of purchase order No. 315.
15 Issud check No. 1588 for $399 in payment of November telephone bill to Northern
16 Issued check No. 1589 in the amount of $11,360 in payment of federal withholding taxes,
$9,573, and FICA taxes, $1787, payable on November salaries and wages; The check is
remitted to the Winnebago County Bank as the depository.
16 Issued check No. 1590 for $52,173 to Phoenix Plastics, Inc, in payment of purchase order
17 The president informs you that Bilder Construction Co agrees to convert the $45,200
overdue account receivable (invoice No. 1120) to a 14% note due six months from today.
17 Purchased plumbing materials from Smith Pipe Company on account, purcase order No.
317 for $50,800 terms 1/15, n/60.
17 Sold drain tile, plastic pipe, and copper tubing to A & B Hardware on account, invoice No.
1208 for $7,920.
18 Sold fixtures and materials to Coconino Contractors, Inc. on account, invoice No. 1209 for
18 An invoice in the amount of $1,021 was received from S. White Trucking Company for
freight on purchase order No. 317 and paid by issuing check No. 1591.
18 Received a check in the amount of $28,273 from Trudy’s Plumbing in payment of invoice
19 Purchased office supplies from the Pen & Pad, issuing check No. 1592 in the amount of
$1,360. (Note: Debit asset account).
19 Purchased a new Faith computer for $6,100 from Business Basics, Inc, purchase order
No, 318, paying $600 down through check No. 1593 with the balance due in thirty days
(n/30). The computer has an estmated life of five years with a salvage value of $1,300.
22 Purchased bathroom and kitchen fixtures from Phoenix Plastics, on account, purchase
order No. 319 for $48,330, terms 1/10, n/30.
22 Received a bill from DeKalb Transport for $2,300 for freight costs incurred during the last 30
days, terms n/30.
23 The payroll summary for the biweekly pay period ended Friday, December 19 contained the
Delivery and warehouse wages 5,770
FICA taxes withheld 415
Federal income taxes withheld 1,067
State income taxes withheld 225
Net pay 4,063
Employer’s payroll taxes:
FICA tax 415
Federal unemployment tax –
State unemployment tax –
Issued check No. 1594 for the amount of the net pay and deposited it in the payroll bank
account. Individual payroll checks were then preppared for distributions to the biweekly
emplyees on Tuesday, December 23.
NOTE: Transactions up to this point have been recorded. At this point you became
controller and are responsible for recordign all further transactions.
25 The board of directors voted to purchase 1,000 shares of its own stock from stockholder
Dionne Schivone at $83 per share and issued check No. 1595 in payment. Stock repurchases
are recroded at cost. Rockford is purchasing these shares because Ms. Schivone had been
a valuable employee.
26 The baord of directors declared a $1.80 per share cash dividend payable on January 14 to
shareholders of record by the end of the day of December 26.
26 The president informs you that Beverly’s Building Products agrees to convert the $14,000
overdue accounts receivable (invoice No. 1119) balance to a 12% note due six months from
29 A half-acre parcel of land adjacent to the building is acquired in exchange for 600 shares
of unissued common stock. The land has a fair value of $54,000 and will be used
immediately as an outside storage lot and parking lot.
29 An invoice in the amount of $2,650 is received from Wayne McManus, lawyer, for legal
services involved in the acquisition of the adjacent parcel of land; check No. 1596 is issued.
29 Sold pipe and plumbing materials to Boecker Builders on account, invoice No. 1210 for
30 Issued check No. 1597 in the amount of $500 to the Northern Star for adverstisement run in
the home building supplement of December 13.
30 Issued check No. 1598 in the amount of $925 to Standard Oil Co. in payment of gas, oil,
and truck repairs from Standard Oil Co. (use Freight-out).
30 Purchased copper and cast iron pipe from Oxenford Copperworks on account, purchase
order No. 320 for $63,940, terms 1/10, n/30.
30 Check No. 1599 for $15,000 is issued to the bond sinking fund trustee, Chicago Trust Co.,
for deposit in the sinking fund. (Use Other Assets).
30 Sold plumbing supplies to Swanson Brothers Construction on account, invoice No. 1211
31 Received a check for $24,730 from Boecker Builders in payment of invoice No. 1207.
31 Issued check No. 1600 for $50,292 to Smith Pipe Company in payment of purchase order
31 The custodian of the petty cash fund submits the following receipts for reimbursement
and reports a cash-on-hand count of $8.
Postage stampls used $38
United Parcel (freight-out) 23
C.O.D postage (freight costs) 51
Christmas office decorations 30
Check No. 1601 is issued and cashed to reimburse the fund.
31 Sold an electric truck-lift to Leila Stierman Co. for $2,500 cash. The original cost was
$7,900 with salvage value of $900, a life of 10 years, and accumulated depreciation
recorded through 11/31/13 is $4,550. The straight-line method is used. (Note: the
company follows the practice of recording a half year’s depreciation in the year of
acquisition and a half year in the year of disposal.) First, bring the depreciation expense
up to date in the general journal. Then journalize the entire entry for the sale in the cash
31 Sold bathroom fixtures and plumbing supplies to Trudy’s Plumbing on account, invoice
No. 1212 for $55,770.
31 Because for some time the petty cash fund has been smaller than required for monthly
expenditures, the fund is increased by $75 by cashing check No. 1602 and placing the
money in the petty cash fund.
31 The payroll summary for the monthly paid employees in submitted so that December
checks can be distributed before the year-end; the details are as follows:
Office and administrative salaries $42,900
Federal income taxes withheld 7,696
State income taxes withheld 1,517
FICA taxes withheld 3,120
Net pay $30,567
Issued check No, 1603 for the amount of the net pay and deposited it in the payroll bank
account. Individual payroll checks were prepared for distribution to all monthly employees
by the end of the day.
Employer’s payroll taxes:
FICA tax (all office and administrative) $3,120
Federal unemployment tax 0
State unemployment tax 0
31 Cash sale since December 12 total $29,980.
1 Make the entries in the appropriate journal for December 25 through December 31.
(adjusting entries are recorded in general journal)
2 Post any amounts to be posted as individual amounts from journals to the general ledger
and update the receivable and payable subsidiary ledger accounts.
(only a few entries are posted for Dec, e.g., account receivable. Please post all other entries)
3 Foot and cross-foot the columnar journals and complete the month-end postings of all
books of orginal entry.
4 Prepare a trial balance by entering the accout balance from the general ledger in the
work sheet (list all accounts, including those with zero balances).
5 From the following information prepare adjusting entries in the general journal and
enter them in the work sheet.
a The annual provison for doubtful accounts receivable is recorded by
providing a charge to Bad Debt Expense in an amount equal to 2% of net
credit sale. All cash sales were executed in December.
b An inventory count of the office supplies revealed $830 of supplies on hand
at year end.
c The prepaid insurance on January 1, 2014 was $3,220, which covers the period
January 1 through August 31, 2014. The insurance premium of $7,800 recorded
in August covers the period of September 1, 2014 through August 31, 2015.
Rockford estimates that 75% of the premiums are attributable to general
activities (Use Insurance Expense) and 25% to selling activities. (Use
d The payroll summary for the employees who are paid biweekly shows the
following information at December 31, 2014:
Delivery and Warehouse Wages $6,100
FICA Taxes Payable 430
Federal Withholding Taxes 1,036
State Withholding Taxes 218
Net pay 4,416 (will pay in 2015)
e The employer’s share of the FICA tax ($430) must be accrued; no state or
federal unemployment tax is incurred during the fourth quarter because all
wages and salries earned during the last quarter exceed the manimum
subject to unemployment tax.
f Interest has accrued at 8% on the long-term notes payable since July 1,2014.
These interests are due on January 1, 2015 (The first six-month interests have
been recorded and paid in July).
Interest on bonds is accrued and paid annually, at a 4% coupon rate.
The next interest payment is due on January 1, 2015. The bonds are dated
January 1, 2008, and mature January 1, 2018. Market interest rate was 5%
at issurance . Use effective interest amortization method.
g The interest accrued to 12/31/14 on notes receivable is composed of the
Platteville Plumbers, 10%, 6 months, due March 31, 2015 $1,125
Bilder Construction, 11%, 6 months, due June 14, 2015 232
Beverly’s Building, 9%, 6 months, due June 26, 2015 17
The interst accrued at 12/31/14 on the note payable (current) of $15,000 @ 10% is
$1,500. Interest is payable on January 2, 2015. (The note is due in 2015)
h A warehouse lease payment of $9,600 was made on Septermber 1, 2014,
for rental through February 28, 2015. (The Prepaid Rent account is for
advance lease payments on the warehouse.)
i $530 is owned to Northern Electric Co. and $279 is owned to City of Rockford
for utility services proved during December 2014.
j Plant and equipmentto be depreciated are composed of the following:
Acquired” cost “estimated
usage or life” “salvage
Building 7/1/2010 $306,000 25 years $20,000 sum-of-years’ digits
Truck #1 4/1/2010 28,000 60,000 miles 3,100 miles driven
Truck #2 9/1/2011 33,000 60,000 miles 4,200 miles driven
Lift #1* 8/17/2007 7,900 10 years 900 straight-line
Lift #2 3/29/2011 4,500 10 years 500 straight-line
Lift #3 9/16/2012 5,000 10 years 500 straight-line
Office Equipment Prior to 1/1/14 32,800 7 years 2,000 straight-line
Computer 12/19/2014 6,100 4 years 1,300 Double-decling
* sold 12/31/14
Truck No. 1has been driven 45,000 miles prior to 1/1/14 and truck No. 2 has
been driven 30,500 miles prior to 1/1/14. During 2014 truck No. 1 was driven
12,000 miles and truck No. 2 was driven 14,000 miles. Remember that Rockford
Company takes a half-year’s depreciation in the year of acquisition and a half-
year in the year of sale.
6 Complete the worksheet. Compute State of Illinois corporate income taxes at 4.5% of pretax
income. The state income tax is deductible on the federal tax return, and the federal tax is
not deductible on the Illinois return. Assume federal corporate income tax on income
subject to federal tax is as follows:
first $50,000 15%
next 25,000 25%
Income between $100,000 and $335,000 is assessed a 5% federal surtax, not to exceed
7 Prepare the journal entry for income taxes. Post all adjusting entries.
8 Prepare 2014’s income statement (assume the weighted-average number of shares outstanding
for the year 2014 is 5,600 shares). Assume that bad debt expense and depreciation expense
are administrative expenses.
9 Prepare 2014’s statement of retained earnings.
10 Prepare 2014’s balance sheet.