Graduate Business Studies
Financial and Managerial Accounting
Module 1 Discussion
Review the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act which was created in 2002 to address the accounting scandals in the late 90s early 00s (Enron, WorldCom, etc.). Identify the provisions that you feel made the biggest impact. What other provisions could have been included in the Act to strengthen the Responsible Stewardship and Integrity of the accounting profession? And conversely, what existing provisions in the Act do you believe (if any) are unnecessary or over-regulate the profession?
Module 2 Discussion
Summarize the events of a recent accounting scandal. Identify how the illegal/unethical act was detected and the punishments that resulted (fines, prison terms, etc.). Consider what could have been done to detect this act earlier and what could have been done to prevent this from happening in the first place. Select a different example than those listed on previous posts.
Module 3 Discussion
US GAAP follows the Historical
Cost Concept in valuing the cost of Long-Term Assets. Explain this principle
and how it compares to the standards used in the reporting of Long-Term Assets
under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). If there is a
convergence of standards, which method do you believe should be used and why?
Module 4 Discussion
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different types of financing:
- Issuing bonds
- Borrowing from Bank
- Equity financing
Module 5 Discussion
Discuss the efficient Market Hypothesis. Do you believe financial statement analysis can be performed in a way that provides significant advantage to an investor?
Module 6 Discussion
Why is the accuracy of cost allocation so important? Cite real-life examples of either successes or failures in cost allocation.
Module 7 Discussion
Identify a real-life outsourcing decision that has been made. Identify the specific reasons for the outsourcing. If information is available, discuss the results of the outsourcing decision (jobs lost, cost savings, etc.). Cite sources as deemed necessary.
Module 8 Discussion
Identify the costs and benefits to a company of gathering, reporting, and disclosing non-financial information (ex.: Balanced Scorecard, Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting, Sustainability Reporting, etc.).
Module 1 test
Problem 1. At the
beginning of 2010, Gonzales Company’s accounting records had the general ledger
accounts and balances shown in the table below. During 2010, the following
1. received $80,000 cash for providing
services to customers
2. paid rent expense, $10,000
3. purchased land for $9,000 cash
4. paid $5,000 on note payable
5. paid operating expenses, $52,000
6. paid cash dividend, $6,000
1) Record the transactions in the
appropriate general ledger accounts. Record the amounts of revenue, expense,
and dividends in the Retained Earnings column, providing appropriate titles for
these accounts in the last column of the table.
2) What is the
amount of total assets as of December 31, 2010?
What is the amount of total stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2010?
Given are the amounts of assets, liabilities, ownerâ€™s equity, revenues, and
expenses of AQUA Inc. at 12/31/10. The beginning amount of Retained Earnings at
1/1/10 was $20,000, and during the year Dividends of $60,000 were taken out by
the owners of Aqua Inc. Prepare the yearend Balance Sheet and Income Statement
for AQUA LLP at the end of the year.
Payable $59,000 Land $78,000
Receivable 15,000 Unearned
Expense 13,000 Utilities
Building 160,000 Rent
Supplies 10,000 Common Stock 240,000
Insurance Expense 20,000 Service
Expense 9,000 Retained Earnings ?
Module 2 test
Problem 1. The May 31, 2012, balance per bank statement for
Upton Company was $7,200. The cash balance per books was $9,500. Outstanding
checks amounted to $800, and deposits in transit were $2,400. The bank
statement contained an NSF check for $500, a service charge for $25, and a
debit memo for direct payment of the telephone bill of $175.
1) Prepare a bank reconciliation to determine the true cash balance at May 31,
Problem 2. Scott Company is a merchandising business that was
started in 2012. Scott uses the perpetual inventory system. It experienced the
following events during 2012.
1. Acquired $25,000 cash by issuing common stock
2. Purchased inventory on account that cost $14,000, terms 2/10, n/30
3. Sold inventory that had cost $8,400 for $15,000 cash
4. Paid for the merchandise referred to in event 2, within the discount period
1) Record the events in the financial statements model below; include column
2) Prepare an income statement for 2012.
3) What is the amount of total assets at the end of 2012?
Module 3 test
Problem 1. Maple Company started the year with no inventory.
During the year, it purchased two identical inventory items at different times.
The first unit cost $800 and the second, $700. One of the items was sold during
on this information, how much product cost would be allocated to cost of goods
sold and ending inventory, assuming use of:
c. Weighted average
Problem 2. Teague Company purchased a new machine on January 1,
2012, at a cost of $150,000. The machine is expected to have an eight-year life
and a $15,000 salvage value. The machine is expected to produce 675,000
finished products during its eight-year life. Smith produced 70,000 units in
2012 and 110,000 units during 2013.
1) Determine the amount of depreciation expense to be recorded on the machine
for the years 2012 and 2013 under each of the following methods:
Module 4 test
Problem 1. Villarente Company issued 5-year $200,000 face value
bonds at 95 on January 1, 2012. The stated interest rate on these bonds is 9%,
and the effective interest rate is 10.33%. Use the effective interest rate
method to complete the amortization schedule below.
Problem 2. Allen Corporation was organized on July 15, 2012. It was
authorized to issue 150,000 shares of $25 par value common stock and 50,000
shares of 6% cumulative preferred stock. The preferred stock had a stated value
of $50 per share. The following stock transactions relate to Allen Corporation.
Issued 55,000 shares
of common stock for $33 per share.
Issued 2,750 shares of
the class A preferred stock for $62 per share.
Issued 27,500 shares
of common stock for $35 per share.
1) Indicate the effect of each of these transactions on Allen’s financial
statements. Include dollar amounts in the model, below. After recording the
three transactions, calculate column totals.
2) After these transactions have been recorded, what is the total amount of
3) After these transactions have been recorded, how many shares of common stock
Module 5 test
Problem 1. The following information applies to Barnhart Company:
- Net Credit Sales = $220,000
- Beginning Accounts Receivable = $10,000
1) Compute Barnhart’s:
a) Quick ratio
b) Current ratio
c) Working capital
d) Accounts receivable turnover
e) Average days to collect receivables
Problem 2. The Jiffy Manufacturing Company started operations in 2012
when it acquired $100,000 from its owners. During the year, the company incurred
the following costs:
The company placed 12,000 units into production, completed 10,000 units, and
sold 8,000 units. The average selling price was $17 per unit.
1) Prepare a schedule of cost of goods manufactured and sold for the year ended
December 31, 2012.
2) Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 2012.
Module 6 test Problem 1. The following information is for a product manufactured and Required: 1) How many units did Rivera sell last 2) Rivera’s managers are considering Problem 2. The management accountant at Melrose, Inc. provided the .gif”> The company believes that direct labor hours are the most appropriate cost Required: 1) Compute the predetermined overhead 2) Compute the 3) Why do firms Module 7 test Problem 1. Ortiz Manufacturing is considering developing and .gif”> 1) Which of these items are relevant to – Problem 2. Mae Lee owns a small retail store in Cairo, Georgia. The Required: 1) Compute the amount of funds that needs to be borrowed. 2) Compute the Module 8 Problem 1. Creighton Company’s balance sheet and income statement are Required: 1) Compute the margin, turnover, and Problem 2. Delta Company is evaluating two different capital .gif”> Delta’s cost of capital is 12% Required: 2) Indicate 3) Which of the
sold by Rivera Corporation:
decreasing the sales price to $28 in an effort to increase market share. Also,
the company wants a profit of $80,000. How many units would it have to sell at
the lower selling price to achieve this target?
following estimated costs for producing 5,000 units of a specialty product manufactured
by the firm:
driver for assigning overhead costs to its product.
rate for this company.
specialty product’s total estimated cost per unit.
assign overhead costs using a predetermined overhead rate instead of assigning
marketing one of two new products, A and B. It has accumulated the following
information about the two products:
Ortiz’s decision about which of these products it will launch?
following summary information regarding expectations for the month of January
is provided: As of December 31 there is $500 in the bank and the balance in
accounts receivable is $2,500. Budgeted cash and credit sales for January are $3,000
and $2,000, respectively. Ninety percent of credit sales are collected in the
month of sale and the remainder is collected in the following month. Mae’s
suppliers do not extend credit. Cash payments for January are expected to be
$12,000. Mae has a line of credit that enables the store to borrow funds on
demand. However, funds must be borrowed on the first day of the month and
interest paid in cash on the last day of the month. Mae desires to maintain a
$500 cash balance before consideration is given to the payment of interest.
Mae’s bank charges annual interest of 12% per year.
amount of interest expense that will appear on the January 31 pro forma income
return on investment for Creighton Company.
2) What is the advantage of expanding the ROI formula to measure margin and
investments, Project X and Y. Either X or Y would cost $100,000, and the
company cannot afford to do both. The company expects that Project X would
provide net cash inflows of $30,000 per year for 5 years. For Project Y, the
net cash inflows are expected to be as follows:
1) Calculate the present value index for Project X and for Project Y.
whether each of the projects is an acceptable investment.
two projects should Delta implement?
Problem 1. The following information is for a product manufactured and
1) How many units did Rivera sell last
2) Rivera’s managers are considering
Problem 2. The management accountant at Melrose, Inc. provided the
The company believes that direct labor hours are the most appropriate cost
1) Compute the predetermined overhead
2) Compute the
3) Why do firms
Module 7 test
Problem 1. Ortiz Manufacturing is considering developing and
1) Which of these items are relevant to
Problem 2. Mae Lee owns a small retail store in Cairo, Georgia. The
1) Compute the amount of funds that needs to be borrowed.
2) Compute the
Problem 1. Creighton Company’s balance sheet and income statement are
1) Compute the margin, turnover, and
Problem 2. Delta Company is evaluating two different capital
Delta’s cost of capital is 12%
3) Which of the