Seahawk Inc. builds sailboats

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Description

Seahawk Inc. builds sailboats. On January 1, 2004, the company had the following account balances:
$40,000 for both cash and common stock. Boat 25 was started on February 10 and finished on May
31. To build the boat, Seahawk had incurred cash costs of $5,100 for labor and $4,350 for materials.
During the same period, Seahawk paid $6,600 cash for actual manufacturing overhead costs. The company
expects to incur $175,500 of indirect overhead cost during 2004. The overhead is allocated to
jobs based on direct labor cost. The expected total labor cost for the year is $135,000.
Seahawk uses a just-in-time inventory management system. Consequently, it does not have raw
materials inventory. Raw materials purchases are recorded directly in the Work in Process Inventory
account.

Required:
a. Use the horizontal financial statements model, as illustrated here, to record Seahawk’s manufacturing
events. In the Cash Flow column, designate the cash flows as operating activities (OA), investing
activities (IA), or financing activities (FA). The first row shows beginning balances.
b. If Seahawk desires to earn a profit equal to 20 percent of cost, for what price should it sell the
boat?

c. If the boat is not sold by year end, what amount would appear in Work in Process Inventory and
Finished Goods Inventory on the balance sheet for Boat 25?

d. Is the amount of inventory you calculated in Requirement c the actual or the estimated cost of the
boat?

e. When is it appropriate to use estimated inventory cost on a year-end balance sheet?

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