You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited

$21.00

Description




You have just been hired as a new management trainee by
Earrings Unlimited, a distributor of earrings to various retail outlets
located in shopping malls across the country. In the past, the company has
done very little in the way of budgeting and at certain times of the year has
experienced a shortage of cash.

Since you are well trained in
budgeting, you have decided to prepare comprehensive budgets for the upcoming
second quarter in order to show management the benefits that can be gained from
an integrated budgeting program. To this end, you have worked with accounting
and other areas to gather the information assembled below.



The company sells many styles of
earrings, but all are sold for the same price—$10 per pair. Actual sales of
earrings for the last three months and budgeted sales for the next six months
follow (in pairs of earrings):









January
(actual)

20,000

June
(budget)

50,000

February
(actual)

26,000

July
(budget)

30,000

March
(actual)

40,000

August
(budget)

28,000

April
(budget)

65,000

September
(budget)

25,000

May
(budget)

100,000





The concentration of sales before and during May is due to
Mother’s Day. Sufficient inventory should be on hand at the end of each month
to supply 40% of the earrings sold in the following month.





Suppliers are paid $4 for a pair
of earrings. One-half of a month’s purchases is paid for in the month of
purchase; the other half is paid for in the following month. All sales are on
credit, with no discount, and payable within 15 days. The company has found,
however, that only 20% of a month’s sales are collected in the month of sale.
An additional 70% is collected in the following month, and the remaining 10%
is collected in the second month following sale. Bad debts have been
negligible.

Monthly
operating expenses for the company are given below:













Variable:

Sales
commissions

4%

of sales

Fixed:

Advertising

$

200,000

Rent

$

18,000

Salaries

$

106,000

Utilities

$

7,000

Insurance

$

3,000

Depreciation

$

14,000









Insurance is paid on
an annual basis, in November of each year.

The company plans to purchase
$16,000 in new equipment during May and $40,000 in new equipment during June;
both purchases will be for cash. The company declares dividends of $15,000
each quarter, payable in the first month of the following quarter.

A
listing of the company’s ledger accounts as of March 31 is given below:





















Assets

Cash

$

74,000

Accounts
receivable ($26,000 February sales; $320,000 March sales)

346,000

Inventory

104,000

Prepaid
insurance

21,000

Property
and equipment (net)

950,000





Total
assets

$

1,495,000







Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Accounts
payable

$

100,000

Dividends
payable

15,000

Common
stock

800,000

Retained
earnings

580,000





Total
liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,495,000













The company maintains a minimum
cash balance of $50,000. All borrowing is done at the beginning of a month;
any repayments are made at the end of a month.

The company has an agreement
with a bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of $1,000 at the
beginning of each month. The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month and
for simplicity we will assume that interest is not compounded. At the end of
the quarter, the company would pay the bank all of the accumulated interest
on the loan and as much of the loan as possible (in increments of $1,000),
while still retaining at least $50,000 in cash.




Required:

1.

Prepare a master
budget for the three-month period ending June 30. Include the following
detailed budgets:










a.

A sales budget, by
month and in total.

b.

A schedule of
expected cash collections from sales, by month and in total.

c.

A merchandise
purchases budget in units and in dollars. Show the budget by month and in
total.

d.

A schedule of
expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases, by month and in total

2. A cash budget.
Show the budget by month and in total. (Cash deficiency, repayments and
interest should be indicated by a minus sign.)

3.

A budgeted income
statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Use the contribution
approach.

4.

A budgeted balance
sheet as of June 30.

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You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited

$21.00

Description


















You
have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited, a
distributor of earrings to various retail outlets located in shopping malls
across the country. In the past, the company has done very little in the way
of budgeting and at certain times of the year has experienced a shortage of
cash.


Since
you are well trained in budgeting, you have decided to prepare comprehensive
budgets for the upcoming second quarter in order to show management the
benefits that can be gained from an integrated budgeting program. To this
end, you have worked with accounting and other areas to gather the
information assembled below.


The company sells many styles of
earrings, but all are sold for the same price—$10 per pair. Actual sales of
earrings for the last three months and budgeted sales for the next six months
follow (in pairs of earrings):


January
(actual)
20,000 June (budget) 50,000
February
(actual)
26,000 July (budget) 30,000
March
(actual)
40,000 August (budget) 28,000
April
(budget)
65,000 September (budget) 25,000
May
(budget)
100,000



The concentration of sales before and during May is due to
Mother’s Day. Sufficient inventory should be on hand at the end of each month
to supply 40% of the earrings sold in the following month.


Suppliers are paid $4 for a pair
of earrings. One-half of a month’s purchases is paid for in the month of
purchase; the other half is paid for in the following month. All sales are on
credit, with no discount, and payable within 15 days. The company has found,
however, that only 20% of a month’s sales are collected in the month of sale.
An additional 70% is collected in the following month, and the remaining 10%
is collected in the second month following sale. Bad debts have been
negligible.


Monthly
operating expenses for the company are given below:

Variable:


Sales
commissions

4% of sales
Fixed:


Advertising $ 200,000
Rent $ 18,000
Salaries $ 106,000
Utilities $ 7,000
Insurance $ 3,000
Depreciation $ 14,000


Insurance
is paid on an annual basis, in November of each year.


The company plans to purchase
$16,000 in new equipment during May and $40,000 in new equipment during June;
both purchases will be for cash. The company declares dividends of $15,000
each quarter, payable in the first month of the following quarter.


A
listing of the company’s ledger accounts as of March 31 is given below:


Assets
Cash $ 74,000
Accounts
receivable ($26,000 February sales; $320,000 March sales)

346,000
Inventory

104,000
Prepaid
insurance

21,000
Property
and equipment (net)

950,000
Total
assets
$ 1,495,000


Liabilities
and Stockholders’ Equity

Accounts
payable
$ 100,000
Dividends
payable

15,000
Common
stock

800,000
Retained
earnings

580,000
Total
liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 1,495,000


The company maintains a minimum
cash balance of $50,000. All borrowing is done at the beginning of a month;
any repayments are made at the end of a month.


The company has an agreement with
a bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of $1,000 at the
beginning of each month. The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month and
for simplicity we will assume that interest is not compounded. At the end of
the quarter, the company would pay the bank all of the accumulated interest
on the loan and as much of the loan as possible (in increments of $1,000),
while still retaining at least $50,000 in cash.
Required:


Prepare
a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30. Include the
following detailed budgets:
A sales budget, by
month and in total

A schedule of
expected cash collections from sales, by month and in total

A merchandise
purchases budget in units and in dollars. Show the budget by month and in
total

A schedule of
expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases, by month and in total.

A cash budget. Show
the budget by month and in total.

A budgeted income
statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Use the contribution
approach.

A budgeted balance
sheet as of June 30

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You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited

$29.00

Description

You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited,a distributor of earrings to various retail outlets located in shopping malls across the country.In the past the company has done very little in the way of budgeting and at certain times of the year has experienced a shortage of cash.
Since you are well trained in budgeting ,you have decided to prepare comprehensive budgets for the upcoming second quarter in order to show management the benefits that can be gained from an integrated budgeting program.To this end,you have worked with accounting and other areas to gather the information assembled below.
The company sells many styles of earrings but all are sold for the same price$10 per pair.Actual sales or earrings for the last three months and budgeted sales for the next six months follow (in pairs of earrings)

January(actual) 20,000
February(actual) 26,000
March(actual) 40,000
April(budget) 65,000
May(budget) 100,000
June(budget) 50,000
July(budget) 30,000
August(budget) 28,000
September(budget) 25,000

The concentration of sales before and during May is due to Mother’s day .Sufficient inventory should be on hand at the end of each month to supply 40% of the earrings sold in the following month.
Suppliers are paid $4 for a pair of earrings.One-half of a month’s purchases is paid for in the month of purchase,the other half is paid for in the following month.All sales are credit,with no discount and payable within 15 days.The company has found ,however,that only 20%of a month’s sales are collected in the month of sale.An additional 70% is collected in the following month,and the remaing 10% is collected in the second month following sale.Bad debts have been negligible.
Monthly operating expenses for the company are given below:

Variable:
Sales commissions 4%
Fixed:
Advertising $200,000
Rent $18,000
Salaries $106,000
Utilities $7,000
Insurance $3,000
Depreciation $14,000
Insurance is paid on an annual basis in November of each year.
The company plans to purchase $16,000 in new equipment during May and $40,000 in new equipment during June,both purchases will be for cash.The company declares dividends of $15,000 each quarter,payable in the first month of the following quarter.
A listing of the company’s ledger accounts as of March 31 is given below

Assets
Cash $74,000
Accounts receivable($26,000 sales;
$320,000 March sales) $346,000
Inventory $104,000
Prepaid Insurance 21,000
Property and equipment(net) 950,000
Total assets $1,495,000

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Account payable $ 100,000
Dividends pyable 15,000
Capital Stock 800,000
Retained earnings 540,000
Total liabilities and stockholders $1,495,000

The company maintains a minimum cash balance of $50,000.All borrowing is done at the beginining of the month:any repayments are made at the end of a month.
The company has an agreement with a bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of $1,000 at the begining of each month.The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month and for simplicity we will assume that interest is not compounded.At the end of the quarter,the company would pay the bank all of the accumulated interest on loan and as much of the loan as possible(in increment of $1,000) while still retaining at least $50,000 in cash

Required:
Prepare a master budget for the three month ending June 30.Include the following detailed budgets:
1.A sales budget,by month and in total.
b.A schedule of expected cash collections from sales,by month and in total.
c.A merchandise purchases budget in units and in dollars.Show the budget by month and in total.
d.A schedule of expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases,by month and in total.
2.A cash budget .Show the budget by moth and in total.Determine any borrowing that would be needed to maintain the minimum cash balance of $50,000
3.A budgeted income statement for the three month period ending June,30.Use the contribution approach.
4.A budgeted balance sheet as June 30

Take Note:
you are to use microsoft excel and show computation at various stages of budgeting.The format is given below please take note.

SALES BUDGET:
April May June Quarter
Budgeted unit sales
Selling price per unit
Total Sales

SCHEDULE OF EXPECTED CASH COLLECTIONS:
April May June Quarter
February sales
March sales
April sales
May sales
June sales
Total Cash Collections

MERCHANDISE PURCHASES BUDGET:
April May June Quarter
Budgeted unit sales
Add desired ending inventory
Total needs
Less beginning inventory
Required purchases
Cost of purchases @ $4 per unit

BUDGETED CASH DISBURSEMENTS FOR MERCHANDISE PURCHASES:
April May June Quarter
Accounts payable
April purchases
May purchases
June purchases
Total cash payments

EARRINGS UNLIMITED
CASH BUDGET
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDING JUNE 30
April May June Quarter
Cash balance
Add collections from customers
Total cash available

Less Disbursements
Merchandise purchases
Advertising
Rent
Salaries
Commissions
Utilities
Equipment purchases
Dividends paid
Total Disbursements

Excess (deficiency) of receipts
over disbursements
Financing:
Borrowings
Repayments
Interest
Total financing

Cash balance, ending

EARRINGS UNLIMITED
BUDGETED INCOME STATEMENT
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30

Sales –
Variable expenses:
Cost of goods sold –
Commissions – –
Contribution Margin –
Fixed expenses:
Advertising –
Rent –
Salaries –
Utilities –
Insurance –
Depreciation – –
Net operating income –
Interest expense –
Net income –

EARRINGS UNLIMITED
BUDGETED BALANCE SHEET
JUNE 30

Assets:

Cash
Accounts receivable (see below)
Inventory
Prepaid insurance
Property and equipment, net
Total assets

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Accounts payable, purchases
Dividends payable
Capital stock
Retained earnings (see below)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

Accounts receivable at June 30:
May sales x ?%
June sales x ?%
Total

Retained earnings at June 30:
Balance, March 31
Add net income
Total
Less dividends declared
Balance, June 30

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