Why does Baxi believe that Human Right is a product of a Western perspective?

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Why does Baxi believe that Human Right is a product of a Western perspective?

Question

I still have some trouble understanding Baxi’s view and perception of Human Right in the book The future of human rights (2008)

Why does Baxi believe that Human Rights is a product of a Western perspective? Why does Baxi distinguish between modern human rights and contemporary human rights? What makes Baxi divide human rights into modern and contemporary? What are the underlying factors why human rights began to be described as modern instead of contemporary? What was it that affected, an event? War? Social conditions? Policy?

Baxi warns with the dangers of denying the pluralism and ambiguity that he believes exists in the concept of human rights. What dangers does he mean? Or look?

I don´t understand is it totalitarianism?

If it is, what does he mean?

I don’t understand what he means is the danger is in totalitarianism because he also points out in the opening of his book we have never before in history lived in an era where human rights language is the most powerful instrument.

How does Baxi understand human rights in “ethical imperatives”, “grammar of governance”, “juridical production”, “culture”, “insurrectionary praxis”, “discursive practices” And what is the challenges he sees?

At the beginning of the book, he says that human rights language does not cover everyone’s suffering, or includes everyone’s suffering. If I have understood it correctly, he says that this exclusionary view was established through the modern human rights discourse, is he referring here to imperialism and the impact of colonialism?

Or modern and contemporary? And how is it related? I do not understand what he means or refers to.

How does Baxi think that human rights are in the highest degree politically a kind of justice project? In this question, I wonder how he means that human rights are a justice project, why does he see it as a justice project?

One last question, do you have any general tips that can help understand Baxi’s opinion?

The book is Baxi, Upendra. (2008). The future of human rights. 3rd ed. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

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